August 2018


According to TRAI's most recent report "India Broadband Market Share" for April 2018, the total number of broadband subscribers has increased to 419.79 million in April 2018 from 412.60 million in March 2018.


The Indian broadband market is dominated by wireless broadband delivered to mobile phones.

India has 401.41 million wireless broadband customers; 17.97 million wireline broadband customers & 0.42 million are fixed wireless customers.


Reliance Jio is leading player in the India broadband market with 46.47% share followed by Bharti Airtel (21.37%), Vodafone India (14.27%), Idea Cellular (10.10%) & BSNL (4.94%) market share in the broadband space.

Jio had data traffic of 5,060 million TB during January- March quarter of FY18, compared to Airtel's 1,540 million TB.

Jio's data usage per customer is 9,700 MB (end March) compared to Airtel's 6,586 MB.


BSNL leads the wired broadband service providers category with 9.24 million subscribers, followed Bharti Airtel (2.19 million), Atria Convergence Technologies (1.31 million), MTNL (0.86 million) and Hathway Cable & Datacom (0.79 million) customers.

The market is expected to experience an upheaval soon, with the launch of JIO's Fibre-To-The-Home (FTTH) service delivering high speed broadband (100 MBps), telephony & IPTV over fibre.


TRAI has defined a broadband connection as: "A data connection using any technology that is able to support interactive services including Internet access and support a minimum download speed of 512 Kilobits per second (Kbps)".

T a b l e - 1 shows state-wise numbers of broadband users. Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh have the highest broadband connections in India.


Any data connection that supports interactive (2 way) services including internet access at speeds below 512 Kbps can be deemed to be a narrowband connection.

Narrowband services include all services like dial-up etc that provide connectivity at speeds below 512 Kbps.

In December 2017 there were 83.09 million narrowband subscribers in India. They are gradually migrating to broadband.

As on end-March 2018, the number of narrowband subscribers fell to 81.3 million.

Table-1 shows a detailed breakup, state-wise of narrowband and broadband users.

Mumbai, Delhi, Kerala have very few narrowband users. Bihar and Uttar Pradesh lead in the number of narrowband users, both in their rural and urban areas. A push needs to be made by the government in these states to provide better broadband connectivity to migrate these users to broadband.