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June 2019

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Q: How will JIO affect the Cable TV business and how many subscribers may change over to JIO?

Sankar Ganesh - Tamil Nadu, by E-mail.

ANS: Thank you for your message. The customer response that Jio will receive will largely depend on its pricing.

It is also very important to note that Jio plans to deliver TV channels via its Fibre-To-The- Home (FTTH) broadband connection @ 100 MBps. This also implies that Jio will first have to provide its broadband connection to a home that wants to subscribe to Jio TV. JIO Plans to initially roll out its fibre broadband only in the larger towns & cities in the country. Both these facts will severely restrict Jio TV's reach.

Technically it is possible that Jio TV could be delivered using "Screen Mirroring" from mobile phones. However, typical TV viewing will exceed even the 1.5 GB per day bandwidth allocated to Jio mobile phone users.

Jio TV and Jio broadband rollout have been delayed by almost 1 year. Market speculation is that it will probably be launched around the time of the Jio AGM (end August 2019). There is no clear indication when Jio TV will be launched. There is no point waiting and worrying about Jio TV.

The correct way forward for cable TV networks is to diversify their services and provide wired broadband to consumers with speeds of at least 50 Mbps, preferably 100 Mbps. Broadband will provide much higher revenues and profits compared to cable TV. This is because consumers pay a higher price for broadband compared to cable TV and the cost of broadband bandwidth is very small compared to the cost of Pay TV channels.

JIO's delay is an opportunity for the Cable TV industry to build up and deliver high speed broadband for long term growths and profits.


Q: Some reports refer to Fiber broadband as FTTH, and sometimes they call it FTTX.

What is the difference between FTTH & FTTX? Which is better for us and the consumer?

Nilesh Shah, via WhatsApp.

ANS: Optical Fibre enables delivery of high-speed data. Also, unlike copper cables, optical fibre communication is immune to electrical noise.

It is therefore desirable to have the optical signal delivered as close as possible to the final point of data use.

However, installing a complete new optical distribution can be expensive and often, optical fibre is laid up to some point reasonably close (within a few hundred metres) to where the data is consumed.

In an ideal situation, the optical fibre should extend to the final point of consumption or home of the consumer. This is called Fibre To The Home (FTTH).

The fibre could be terminated at the entrance of the building. This is called Fibre To The Building (FTTB). The final connection to consumers is made via copper cable (eg.CAT5).

Similarly, if the fibre is terminated at the street outside the building. This is called Fibre To The Curb (FTTC).

FFTX is a general term where fibre is used to deliver the signal over at least part of the distance. It includes FTTH, FTTB, FTTC etc.

FTTH is the best solution where high-speed data is delivered directly via fiber into the consumers home.


Q: We have contacted some channels for their decoders, but have not received any response from them for more than 1 month.

Can we receive these channels from FreeDish & retransmit them on our cable network?

Sachin Jain, Nagpur - Via WhatsApp.

ANS: All cable TV Headends are required to follow (conform) the BIS specifications for Headends.

These specifications dictate that Headends must receive their satellite signals only from C-band downlinks of channels authorised by the I&B Ministry.

CATV Headends Are Allowed To Obtain Their Satellite TV Signals Only From C Band Downlinks

Further the specifications require that a 12 feet diameter wire mesh dish must be used to receive C-band downlink signals.

In view of these specifications it is not permissible for a cable TV headend to receive KU band signals for re-transmission on Cable TV distribution networks.

As a result, you cannot receive signals from Doordarshan's FreeDish or any other private sector DTH platform for re-transmission on your cable TV network.

The law requires that all Free-To-Air channels must promptly provide decoders (if necessary) for any DAS headend that plans to retransmit their signal. If any FTA or pay channel delays in providing you their decoder, you must complain to the TRAI providing details of your written request.

Dish Doctor
Ask us any questions or problems faced by you in the course of your business. Our DISH DOCTOR will try and answer them in the best way possible, in the simplest terms, avoiding the unnecessary use of technical terms where possible. The service is available free to our readers and subscribers.

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